To reduce the damage caused by induced vibrations due to two-phase cross flow on tube bundles in heat exchangers, a deep understanding of the different sources of this phenomenon is required. For this purpose, a numerical model was previously developed to simulate the quasi periodic forces on the tube bundle due to two-phase cross flow. An Euler-Lagrange approach is adopted to describe the flow. The Euler approach describes the continuous phase (liquid) using potential flow. The dispersed phase is assumed to have no interaction on liquid flow. Based on visual observation, static vortices behind the tube are introduced. The Lagrange approach describes the dispersed phase (gas). The model allows bubbles to split up or to coalesce. The forces taken into account acting on the bubbles are the buoyancy, the drag and induced drag, the added mass and induced added mass and impact force (bubble-bubble and bubble-tube). Forces taken into account acting on the tubes are impact forces and induced drag and added mass forces. This model allows us to obtain quasi periodic force on tube induced by two-phase cross flow of relative good magnitude and frequency contains. The model still needs improvement to bring us closer to experimental data of force, for example by introducing a dependency between the void ratio and the intensity of the vortex and by taking into account the bubbles deformation.
Development of a Numerical Model for Quasi-Periodic Forces of Two-Phase Cross Flow in Tube Bundles
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Zoghlami, S, Béguin, C, & Étienne, S. "Development of a Numerical Model for Quasi-Periodic Forces of Two-Phase Cross Flow in Tube Bundles." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction. Anaheim, California, USA. July 20–24, 2014. V004T04A049. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2014-28457
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