Inclusion of a horizontal degree of freedom along with the vertical and twisting degrees of freedom has been an active area of research in bridge flutter predictions for the past three decades. While much work has been published on theoretical aspects, limited experience as to the importance of the horizontal degree of freedom is available in the literature. Three cases of actual long span bridge designs are examined with respect to the critical wind speed for onset of classical flutter. For the tree cases examined inclusion of the horizontal modes of motion had almost negligible influence on the flutter wind speed.
Horizontal Aerodynamic Derivatives in Bridge Flutter Analysis
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Larsen, A. "Horizontal Aerodynamic Derivatives in Bridge Flutter Analysis." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction. Anaheim, California, USA. July 20–24, 2014. V004T04A022. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2014-28251
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