Bends are an integral part of a piping system. Because of the ability to ovalize and warp they offer more flexibility when compared to straight pipes. Piping Code ASME B31.3 [1] provides flexibility factors and stress intensification factors for the pipe bends. Like any other piping component, one of the failure mechanisms of a pipe bend is gross plastic deformation. In this paper, plastic collapse load of pipe bends have been analyzed for various D/t ratios (Where D is pipe outside diameter and t is pipe wall thickness) for internal pressure and in-plane bending moment, internal pressure and out-of-plane bending moment and internal pressure and a combination of in and out-of-plane bending moments under varying ratios. Any real life component will have imperfections and the sensitivity of the models have been investigated by incorporating imperfections as scaled eigenvectors of linear bifurcation buckling analyses. The sensitivity of the models to varying parameters of Riks analysis (an arc length based method) and use of dynamic stabilization using viscous damping forces have also been investigated. Importance of defining plastic collapse load has also been discussed. FE code ABAQUS version 6.9EF-1 has been used for the analyses.

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