When bolted joints are subjected to thermal load, variations of the bolt clamping force are of great concern from the view point of joint safety. It is considered that titanium and titanium alloy bolts have high possibility for clamping machines and structures subjected to thermal load. Its specific characteristic of low thermal expansion expectantly works well to mitigate the reduction of bolt clamping force caused by thermal expansion. Low weight, low Young’s modulus and high resistance to corrosion of titanium and titanium alloy are also highly attractive.
In this paper, the effectiveness of the numerical method proposed in the previous study is validated by experiments using bolted joints composed of titanium bolts and carbon steel plates. Then, thermal and mechanical behaviors of titanium and titanium alloy bolts are analyzed by finite element analysis in order to examine the applicability of those bolts for the joints under elevated temperature. Numerical analyses are executed as in the manner introduced in the previous paper, i.e., by incorporating the thermal contact coefficient into the finite element formulation. Numerical results suggest that titanium and titanium alloy bolts are favorably applied to the joints made of carbon steel whose clamping forces are likely to decrease under elevated temperature.