Thermal fatigue may develop in piping elbow with high temperature stratified flow. To prevent the fatigue damage by stratified flow, it is important to know the distribution of thermal stress and temperature history in a pipe. In this study, heat conduction inverse analysis method for piping elbow was developed to estimate the temperature history and thermal stress distribution on the inner surface from the outer surface temperature history. In the inverse analysis method, the inner surface temperature was estimated by using the transfer function database which interrelates the inner surface temperature with the outer surface temperature. Transfer function database was calculated by FE analysis in advance. For some patterns of the temperature history, inverse analysis simulations were made. It was found that the inner surface temperature history was estimated with high accuracy.

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