A method for calculating the stress intensity factor for linear elastic fracture mechanics based flaw evaluation is provided in Appendix A-3000 of ASME Section XI. In the 2010 Edition of ASME Section XI, the calculation of stress intensity factor for a surface crack is based on characterization of stress field with a cubic equation and use of influence coefficients. The influence coefficients are currently only provided for flat plate geometry in tabular format. The ASME Section XI Working Group on Flaw Evaluation is in the process of rewriting Appendix A-3000. Proposed major updates include the implementation of explicit use of Universal Weight Function Method for calculation of the stress intensity factor for a surface flaw and the inclusion of closed-form influence coefficients for cylinder geometry. The explicit use of weight function method eliminates the need for fitting polynomial equations to the actual through-thickness stress distributions at crack location. In this paper, the proposed Appendix A procedure is applied to calculate the stress intensity factors in closed-form for an axial ID surface flaw in a cylinder subjected to a set of nonlinear hoop weld residual stress profiles. The calculated stress intensity factor results are compared with the results calculated based on the current method in Appendix A using cubic equations to represent the stress distribution. Three-dimensional finite element analyses were performed to verify the accuracy of the stress intensity factor results calculated based on the current and proposed Appendix A procedures. The results in this paper support the implementation of the proposed stress intensity factor calculation procedure into ASME Code.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.