Perforated plates are used in many mechanical structures in thermal power plants, nuclear power plants, or chemical plants etc. Cylindrical structures made by the perforated plates are also found in many places. However, vibration characteristics of the structures made by perforated plates are not fully clarified, especially for the structures immersed in liquid. The stiffness of the structures becomes smaller than that of ones made by simple plates with no holes, while the mass of the structures also becomes smaller. According to the balance between the stiffness reduction and mass reduction, natural frequencies will be decided. Moreover, added mass and added damping effects are very large in liquid, and are thought to largely change due to holes.
In this study, as a fundamental step, a perforated plate is treated. The vibration characteristics such as natural frequency and damping ratio are studied for various hole numbers or various opening ratios by both numerical simulations and simple test models. Vibration tests are conducted in liquid as well as in air.