In a radioactive material (RAM) packaging, the formation of eutectic at the Pu/SS (plutonium/stainless steel) interface is a serious concern and must be avoided to prevent of leakage of fissile material to the environment. The eutectic temperature for the Pu/SS is rather low (410°C) and could seriously impact the structural integrity of the containment vessel under accident conditions involving fire. The 9975 packaging is used for long term storage of Pu bearing materials in the DOE complex where the Pu comes in contact with the stainless steel containment vessel. Due to the serious consequences of the containment breach at the eutectic site, the Pu/SS interface temperature is kept well below the eutectic formation temperature of 410°C. This paper discusses the thermal models and the results for the extended fire conditions (1500°F for 86 minutes) that exist in a long term storage facility and concludes that the 9975 packaging Pu/SS interface temperature is well below the eutectic temperature.
Pu/SS Eutectic Assessment in 9975 Packagings in a Storage Facility During Extended Fire
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Gupta, NK. "Pu/SS Eutectic Assessment in 9975 Packagings in a Storage Facility During Extended Fire." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 7: Operations, Applications and Components. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. July 15–19, 2012. pp. 299-304. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2012-78826
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