In a component design at elevated temperature, fatigue and creep-fatigue is one of the most important failure modes, and fatigue and creep-fatigue life assessment in structural discontinuities is important issue to evaluate structural integrity of the components. Therefore, to assess the failure estimation methods, cyclic thermal loading tests with two kinds of cylindrical models with thick part were performed by using an induction heating coil and pressurized cooling air. In the tests, crack initiation and propagation processes at stress concentration area were observed by replica method. Besides those, finite element analysis (FEA) was carried out to estimate the number of cycles to failure. In the first test, a shorter life than predicted based on axisymmetric analysis. Through the 3 dimensional FEA, Vickers hardness test and deformation measurements after the test, it was suggested that inhomogeneous temperature distribution in hoop direction resulted in such precocious failure. Then, the second test was performed after improvement of temperature distribution. As a result, the crack initiation life was in a good agreement with the FEA result by considering the short term compressive holding. Through these test and FEA results, fatigue and creep-fatigue life assessment methods of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel including evaluation of cyclic thermal loading, short term compressive holding and failure criterion, were discussed. In addition it was pointed out that the temperature condition should be carefully controlled and measured in the structural test with Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel structure.

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