A numerical analysis has been performed to estimate the effect of thermal stratification in the safety injection piping system. The Direct Vessel Injection (DVI) system is used to perform the functions of Emergency Core Cooling and Residual Heat Removal for an APR1400 nuclear power plant (Korea’s Advanced Power Reactor 1400 MW-Class). The thermal stratification is anticipated in the horizontally routed piping between the DVI nozzle of the reactor vessel and the first isolation valve. Non-axisymmetric temperature distribution across the pipe diameter induced by the thermal stratification leads to differential thermal growth of the piping causing the global bending stress and local stress. Thermal hydraulic analysis has been performed to determine the temperature distribution in the DVI piping due to the thermal stratification. Piping stress analysis has also been carried out to evaluate the integrity of the DVI piping using the thermal hydraulic analysis results. This paper provides a methodology for calculating the global bending stresses and local stresses induced by the thermal stratification in the DVI piping and for performing fatigue evaluation based on Subsection NB-3600 of ASME Section III.

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