Hundreds of papers have been written and presented over the years about bolted connections, what impacts reliability and how to get them to operate leak free. Are bolted connections really that complicated that only experienced, dedicated and highly educated engineers should be involved with the joint design, as well as the assembly of connections out in the field? Clearly not, or hundreds of companies could not stay in business. This paper summarizes some simple steps for making all kinds of bolted connections leak free, including heat exchangers and pipe flanges, and just about any other pressure boundary bolted connection found in a refinery.

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