Weld residual stresses in nuclear power plant can lead to cracking concerns caused by stress corrosion. These are large diameter thick wall pipe and nozzles. Many factors can lead to the development of the weld residual stresses and the distributions of the stress through the wall thickness can vary markedly. Hence, understanding the residual stress distribution is important to evaluate the reliability of pipe and nozzle joints with welds. This paper represents an examination of the weld residual stress distributions which occur in various different size nozzles. The detailed weld residual stress predictions for these nozzles are summarized. Many such weld residual stress solutions have been developed by the authors in the last five years. These distributions will be categorized and organized in this paper and general trends for the causes of the distributions will be established. The residual stress field can therefore feed into a crack growth analysis. The solutions are made using several different constitutive models such as kinematic hardening, isotropic hardening, and mixed hardening model. Necessary fabrication procedures such as repair, overlay and post weld heat treatment are also considered. Some general discussions and comments will conclude the paper.

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