Residual stresses and distortion of welded structures have a significant influence on their functionality and their lifetime. In Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) piping systems, residual stresses in dissimilar metal welds extensively increase their susceptibility to primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC). An accurate crack initiation and growth assessment is essential to assure that no severe component failure will occur due to SCC or any other stress induced mechanism. Therefore it is necessary to develop methods for a proper residual stress and distortion prediction. Numerical welding simulations have developed fast during the recent years but no universally accepted guidelines for a reliable prediction of residual stresses have been established so far. In order to support further validation of developed methods the U.S. NRC launched an international round robin program. Its main intention is to benchmark different numerical approaches by direct comparison with experimental data obtained from a provided mock-up. This paper shows the contribution of AREVA NP Germany to this round robin. A two dimensional axis-symmetric analysis of a pressurizer surge nozzle – safe end – pipe weldment will be presented. The residual stresses are calculated by means of an uncoupled transient thermal and mechanical finite element analysis using the ABAQUS Code. In addition some comments on the selection of the material model and its effect on the resulting residual stresses will be given.
- Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
Analysis of Residual Stresses in a Pressurizer Surge–Nozzle Weldment
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Obermeier, F, Nicak, T, Meier, G, & Keim, E. "Analysis of Residual Stresses in a Pressurizer Surge–Nozzle Weldment." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B. Baltimore, Maryland, USA. July 17–21, 2011. pp. 1497-1502. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2011-57506
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