Two-phase cross flow exists in many shell- and tube heat exchangers such as condensers, evaporators and nuclear steam generators. During the last two decades, research devoted to two-phase flow induced vibrations has increased, mainly driven by the nuclear industry. Flow-induced vibration excitation forces can cause excessive vibration which will result in long-term fretting-wear or fatigue. To avoid potential tube failures in heat exchangers, it is required for designer to have guidelines that incorporate flow-induced vibration excitation forces. The phenomenon of the vibration of tubes in two-phase flow is very complex and depends on factors which are nonexistent in single-phase flows. To understand the fluid dynamic forces acting on a structure subjected to two-phase flow, it is essential to get detailed information about the characteristics of two-phase flow. Pressure distributions generated by two-phase flow over tube surfaces yield more general information than the local velocity distribution. The pressure coefficient distribution obtained by experimental test has been evaluated.

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