NuScale Power, Inc. is commercializing a 45 Megawatt electric light water nuclear reactor NuScale Power Module (NPM). Each NPM includes a containment vessel, a reactor vessel, a nuclear reactor core, an integral steam generator, and an integral pressurizer. The NuScale Power Module is cooled by natural circulation. The primary coolant in the Reactor Pressure Vessel is heated in the nuclear core, it rises through a central riser, it spills over and encounters the helical coil steam generator, it is cooled as steam is generated inside the steam generator, and it is again heated in the nuclear core. The Steam Generator also must be designed to provide adequate heat transfer, to allow adequate primary reactor coolant flow, and to provide adequate steam flow to produce the required power output. This paper presents the CFD results that describe the transport phenomena on the heat transfer and fluid flow dynamics in helical coil steam generator tubes. The ultimate goal of the CFD modeling is to predict the steam outlet conditions associated with the chosen helical coil tube geometries, solving the primary and secondary flow region together coupled with the helical coil tube. However, current studies are focused on the primary side with the heat flux boundary condition assigned on the outer surface of the helical coil steam generator. In this study, the ANSYS CFX v. 12.1  was used to solve the three-dimensional mass, momentum and energy equations. The helical coil steam generator has complex geometry and modeling entire geometry requires the enormous memory that is beyond our hardware capability and is not practical. Therefore, geometry was limited to 1 degree of the wedge and 5% of the total length in the middle. Only external flow, single phase flow around the helical coils, is simulated using the standard k-ε model and shear stress transport model. From the results of the numerical simulation, the pressure drop and temperature profiles were determined. It is important to understand thermal hydraulic phenomena for the design and performance prediction of the reactor internal.
Thermal Hydraulic Studies on Helical Coil Steam Generator by CFD
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Joh, S. "Thermal Hydraulic Studies on Helical Coil Steam Generator by CFD." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 3: Design and Analysis. Baltimore, Maryland, USA. July 17–21, 2011. pp. 399-404. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2011-57901
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