A mathematical model is proposed for investigating the effect of the thread profile angle, thread and hole clearances on the loosening behavior of a preloaded bolt-nut system that is subjected to cyclic transverse excitation. Experimental verification of the analytical model results is provided for various levels of the initial bolt preload and frictional characteristics. Comparison of the experimental and analytical results on the clamp load decay with the number of cycles verifies that the proposed model predicts the loosening performance with good accuracy.

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