Emanating from a discussion of local ratcheting effects and appropriate limiting criteria this paper examines existing ratcheting rules based on local (or material) response that are currently in Section III of the ASME B&PV Code, German KTA rules, and other design codes. The objective is to offer clarification of the rules that may be useful to the designer, their bases and practical application. Among these rules, different ratcheting checks are required that use different ratcheting measures. The paper considers only the rules for which the ratcheting checks can be evaluated by a direct cycle-by-cycle elastic-plastic FEA. Examples are provided to illustrate the procedures.

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