The effects of cyclic pre-strain on low cycle fatigue properties of austenitic stainless steel were investigated, and the fatigue damage was assessed based on several parameters such as the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of diffracted X-ray profile and surface roughness of specimens. The strain-controlled tests were conducted under strain ratio Rε = −1 and various constant total strain ranges. Also the change in remnant fatigue lives were investigated when the cyclic pre-strain were applied to the specimens under the different number of cycles which were determined with reference to the usage factor UFpre ranged from 0.2 to 0.8. As a result, the remnant fatigue life of the pre-strained samples became shorter than that of the sample without pre-strain as the UFpre increased. The relationship between the pre-strain damage expressed in UFpre and the remnant fatigue damage in UFpost was roughly described by the cumulative linear damage law: UFpre + UFpost = 1. Namely, the cyclic pre-strain affected the remnant fatigue lives. In order to evaluate the effects of cyclic pre-strain on fatigue lives more precisely, the damage in the cyclic pre-straining processes was estimated by using FWHM and surface roughness. The FWHM of the specimens with pre-strain once decreased with increase in UFpre, and then increased after showing a minimum value. The surface roughness of specimens increased linearly with an increase of the number of pre-straining cycles. These results suggested that the damage due to pre-strain can be assessed by means of FWHM and surface roughness of specimens.

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