Current evaluation procedures for toughness measurements, such as the J-integral and the crack tip opening displacement (CTOD), focus primarily on single-specimen estimation schemes which essentially relate the plastic contribution to the strain energy with J based upon a plastic η-factor. This work addresses the significance of the η-factor on estimation procedures for J in pin-loaded and clamped single edge notch tension (SE(T)) specimens using load-displacement records. Very detailed non-linear finite element analyses for plane-strain models provide the evolution of load with increased load-line displacement and crack mouth opening displacement to define the applied load as a separable function dependent upon crack geometry and material deformation. The analyses reveal that η-factors based on load-line displacement (LLD) are very sensitive to plasticity changes at locations remote from the crack-tip region. In contrast, η-factors based on crack mouth opening displacement (CMOD) appear less affected by remote crack-tip plasticity. Overall, the present results provide a strong support to use η-based procedures in toughness measurements for clamped SE(T) fracture specimens.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.