Understanding the property distribution in the weld zone is very important for structural safety, since deformation and fracture begin at the weakest point. However, conventional tensile tests can measure only average material properties because they require large specimens. Small-scale tests are being extensively researched to remove this limitation, among such tests, instrumented indentation test (IIT) are of great interest because of their simple procedures. Here we describe the evaluation of tensile properties using IIT and a representative stress-strain approach. The representative stressstrain method, introduced in 2008 in ISO/TR29381, directly correlates the stress and strain under the indenter to the true stress and strain of tensile testing by defining representative functions. Using this technique, we successfully estimate the yield strength and tensile strength of structural metallic materials and also obtain profiles of the weld-zone tensile properties.

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