The development of a process to emplace a refractory metal liner inside a gun tube is described. The process consists of filling the liner with an elastomeric material and then slipping this arrangement into the gun tube whose inner diameter is close to the outer diameter of the liner. The ends of the liner are plugged with plastic disks and pressure is applied to the elastomeric material by a load frame. This pressure can produce a residual internal stress within the steel gun tube that produces a frictional bond between the liner and gun tube. Initial efforts have resulted in bond strengths over 3 ksi (21 MPa). In addition, by tailoring the degree of lubrication between the elastomeric material and the liner, a graded autofrettage can be produced in the steel gun tube.

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