The floating roofs are widely used to prevent evaporation of content in large oil storage tanks. The 2003 Tokachi-Oki earthquake caused severe damage to the floating roofs due to liquid sloshing. The structural integrity of the floating roofs for the sloshing is urgent issue to establish in the petrochemical and oil refining industries. This paper presents the sloshing characteristics of the single deck floating roofs in cylindrical storage tanks. The hydrodynamic coupling of fluid and floating roof is taken into consideration in the axisymmetric finite element analysis. It is assumed that the fluid is incompressible and inviscid, and the floating roof is linear elastic while the sidewall and the bottom are rigid. The basic vibration characteristics, natural periods and vibration modes, of the floating roof due to the sloshing are investigated. These will give engineers important information on the floating roof design.

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