Full structural weld overlays have been used in the U.S. nuclear power industry for over twenty years in boiling water reactors (BWRs). Primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in nickel-based dissimilar metal welds (DMWs) has been experienced in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) since the early 1990s. As a result, the nuclear industry is implementing full structural weld overlays (FSWOL) as a PWSCC mitigation technique that may be used on primary coolant lines previously approved for Leak-Before-Break (LBB). This work investigates the effect of the FSWOL on the leakage behavior of these lines with postulated defects. In this paper, finite element (FE) based crack-opening displacements (CODs) were developed for pipes with a FSWOL with postulated complex cracks. The COD solutions were then employed in standard leak-rate calculations, where equivalent crack morphology parameters were developed to consider a flow through two different crack morphologies, i.e., PWSCC through the DMW and corrosion fatigue through the weld overlay. The results of the sensitivity study and a discussion on the impact of the weld overlay on the leakage behavior concludes this paper.
- Pressure Vessels and Piping
Crack-Opening Displacement and Leak-Rate Calculations for Full Structural Weld Overlays
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Shim, D, Kurth, E, Brust, F, Wilkowski, G, Csontos, A, & Rudland, D. "Crack-Opening Displacement and Leak-Rate Calculations for Full Structural Weld Overlays." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B. Prague, Czech Republic. July 26–30, 2009. pp. 1149-1156. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2009-77966
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