In recent years, the occurrence of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in Alloy 600 weld regions of PWR plants has increased. In order to evaluate the crack propagation of PWSCC, it is required to estimate stress distribution including residual stress and operational stress through the wall thickness of the Alloy 600 weld region. In a national project in Japan for the purpose of establishing residual stress evaluation method, two test models were produced based on a reactor vessel outlet nozzle of Japanese PWR plants. One (Test model A) was produced using the same welding process applied in Japanese PWR plants in order to measure residual stress distribution of the Alloy 132 weld region. The other (Test model B) was produced using the same fabrication process in Japanese PWR plants in order to measure stress distribution change of the Alloy 132 weld region during fabrication process such as a hydrostatic test, welding a main coolant pipe to the stainless steel safe end. For Test model A, residual stress distribution was obtained using FE analysis, and was compared with the measured stress distribution. By comparing results, it was confirmed that the FE analysis result was in good agreement with the measurement result. For mock up test model B, the stress distribution of selected fabrication processes were measured using the Deep Hole Drilling (DHD) method. From these measurement results, it was found that the stress distribution in thickness direction at the center of the Alloy 132 weld line was changed largely during welding process of the safe end to the main coolant pipe.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.