Bolted joints with gaskets such as non-circular flange connections have been widely used in mechanical structures, nuclear and chemical industry, and so on. They are usually used under internal pressure as well as other loadings such as thermal, impact loadings and so on. In designing the non-circular flange connections with gaskets, it is important to evaluate the sealing performance of the non-circular flange connections with gaskets subjected to internal pressure. An important issue is how to evaluate the sealing performance in the box-shaped bolted flange connections by using the contact gasket stress distributions at the interfaces, how to reduce the weight and how to determine the initial clamping bolt force (preload) by using the new gasket constants. In this paper, the stresses of box-shaped flange connection with gaskets subjected to an internal pressure are analyzed using the finite element method (FEM), taking account a hysteresis in the stress-strain curves of the gasket. The reduced contact gasket stress distributions are analyzed when the internal pressure is applied to the connection. The leakage tests were conducted using an actual box-shaped flange connection with a gasket. Using the reduced contact gasket stress distributions at the interfaces under an internal pressure (Helium gas was used) and the amount of the leakage measured in the experiment, the sealing performances are evaluated experimentally and theoretically by changing the initial clamping force and cover material in the connections. In addition, the sealing performance of the connection with raised face is also examined. Discussion is made on the effects of the initial clamping force, cover material and the types of facing on the sealing performance in the above connections.
- Pressure Vessels and Piping
The Effect of Clamping Force and Material Properties on the Tightness Performance a Flexible Box-Shaped Flange Bolted Joint
Kurosawa, R, Sawa, T, Nagata, S, & Tatsumi, Y. "The Effect of Clamping Force and Material Properties on the Tightness Performance a Flexible Box-Shaped Flange Bolted Joint." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 2: Computer Applications/Technology and Bolted Joints. Chicago, Illinois, USA. July 27–31, 2008. pp. 61-68. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2008-61414
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