Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Caterpillar have recently developed a new cast austenitic stainless steel, CF8C-Plus, for a wide range of high-temperature applications, including diesel exhaust components and turbine casings. The creep-rupture life of the new CF8C-Plus is over ten times greater than that of the standard cast CF8C stainless steel, and the creep-strength is about double. Another variant, CF8C-Plus Cu/W has been developed with even more creep strength at 750–850°C. The creep-strength of these new cast austenitic stainless steels is close to that of Ni-based superalloys like 617. CF8C-Plus steel was developed in about 1.5 years using an “engineered microstructure” alloy development approach, which produces creep resistance based on formation of stable nano-carbides (NbC) and prevention of deleterious intermetallics (sigma, Laves). CF8C-Plus steel won a 2003 R&D 100 Award, and to date, over 32,000 lb have been produced in various commercial component trials. The current commercialization status of the alloy is summarized.

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