This study describes the response reduction caused by coupling between the beam-type and the oval-type vibrations of a cylindrical water storage tank under seismic excitation. In this study, the seismic response experiment is performed by using a 1/10 reduced scale model of an actual tank and then numerical simulation is performed by the simplified model. The authors conducted the sinusoidal response experiment for the tank and reported that the coupling between the beam-type and the oval-type vibrations causes the resonance frequency of the beam-type vibration to shift to the lower frequency and the response in the beam-type vibration (the response of the tank) to reduce. The seismic response experiment of the tank model filled with water up to 95% is performed by a shaking table. The El Centro 1940 NS and the improved standard seismic wave for Japanese LWR are used as the input seismic wave. The experimental results show that the maximum response acceleration does not enlarge linearly as the maximum input acceleration increases. The dominant resonance frequency slightly shifts to the lower frequency as the maximum input acceleration increases. It is concluded that the coupling between the beam-type and the oval-type vibrations make an influence on the beam-type vibration in seismic excitation. In the meantime, the authors propose the nonlinear single-degree-of-freedom system model to explain that the vibration response of the tank reduces. This model is based on geometric nonlinearity due to the out-of-plane deformation of the side-wall of the tank caused by the oval-type vibration. The numerical simulation of the seismic response is conducted using the nonlinear single-degree-of-freedom system model proposed by the authors. The analytical results agree with the experimental results as a general trend. Therefore, it is concluded that the response reduction of the tank is generated by coupling between the beam-type and the oval-type vibrations in the seismic excitation as well as the sinusoidal excitation. In addition, the response reduction rate of the tank under much larger seismic excitation can be estimated by using the nonlinear single-degree-of-freedom system model.

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