The residual stresses of mismatch butt welds of a cylinder were measured by the blind-hole method before and after a vibratory residual stress relief treatment. The results show that this treatment could greatly reduce the maximal butt weld residual stress of dissimilar steel from 540MPa to 119MPa. The concentrated distributions of the first and the second principal residual stresses became gentle after the vibratory residual stress relief treatment.

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