A series of wind tunnel tests was conducted on the vibration and scattering behavior of full-sized model of roof tiles, which were used widely for roofings of Japanese wooden dwellings. This study has investigated the nature and source of the vibrating and scattering behavior of roof tiles with the aim of providing a better insight to the mechanism. The roof tiles were set up on the pitched roof in the downstream of the flow from the wind tunnel. The vibrations for the roof tiles were measured by the Laser Doppler Vibrometry and the accelerometer, and the practical natural frequencies of the roof tiles were analyzed by the impulse force hammer test method. The motions of the vibration and scattering were observed by the high-speed video camera. Based on the consideration on the results of the measurements, there is a basic mechanism which can lead to flow-induced vibrations of the roof tiles. This mechanism is similar to that of the so-called fluttering instability, which appears as the self-excited oscillation in the natural mode of the structure at the certain critical flow speed. The values of the frequencies for the oscillating relate to the values of natural frequencies of the vibration.
Structural Dynamics and Response of Roof Tiles Under Wind Loading
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Okamoto, S. "Structural Dynamics and Response of Roof Tiles Under Wind Loading." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 Pressure Vessels and Piping/ICPVT-11 Conference. Volume 9: 6th FSI, AE and FIV and N Symposium. Vancouver, BC, Canada. July 23–27, 2006. pp. 39-45. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2006-ICPVT-11-93046
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