The unstable phenomena of thin cylindrical shells subjected to annular axial flow are investigated. In this paper, the analytical model is composed of an elastic axisymmetric shell and a rigid one which are arranged co-axially. Considering the fluid structure interaction between shells and fluid flowing through an annular narrow passage, the coupled equation of motion is derived using Flu¨gge’s shell theory and Navier-Stokes equations. The unstable phenomena of thin cylindrical shells are clarified by using the root locus based on the complex eigenvalue analysis. The numerical parameter studies on the shells with a freely supported end and a rigid one, and with both simply supported ends, are performed taking the dimensins of shells, the characteristics of flowing fluid so on as parameters. The influence of these parameters on the threshold of instability of the coupled vibration between thin cylindrical shells and annular axial flowing fluid are investigated and discussed.

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