The Heavy-Section Steel Irradiation (HSSI) Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory includes a task to investigate the shape of the fracture toughness master curve for reactor pressure vessel steel highly embrittled as a consequence of irradiation exposure, and to examine the ability of the Charpy 41-J shift to predict the fracture toughness shift. As part of this task, a low upper-shelf WF-70 weld obtained from the beltline region of the Midland Unit 1 reactor pressure vessel was characterized in terms of static initiation and Charpy impact toughness in the unirradiated and irradiated conditions. Irradiation of this weld was performed at the University of Michigan Ford Reactor at 288°C to neutron fluence of 3.4×1019 neutron/cm2 in the HSSI irradiation-anneal-reirradiation facility. This reusable facility allowed the irradiation of either virgin or previously irradiated material in a well-controlled temperature regime, including the ability to perform in-situ annealing. This was the last capsule irradiated in this facility before reactor shut down. Thus, the Midland beltline weld was irradiated within the HSSI Program to three fluences — 0.5×1019; 1.0×1019; and 3.4×1019 neutron/cm2. It was anticipated that it would provide an opportunity to address fracture toughness curve shape and Charpy 41-J shift compatibility issues at different levels of embrittlement, including the highest dose considered to be in the range of the current end of life fluence. It was found that the Charpy 41-J shift practically saturated after neutron fluence of 1.0×1019 neutron/cm2. The transition fracture toughness shift after 3.4×1019 neutron/cm2 was only slightly higher than that after 1.0×1019 neutron/cm2. In all cases, transition fracture toughness shifts were lower than predicted by the Regulatory Guide 1.99, Rev. 2 equation.
- Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
Fracture Toughness Characterization of Midland Beltline Weld After High Dose of Irradiation
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Sokolov, MA, & Nanstad, RK. "Fracture Toughness Characterization of Midland Beltline Weld After High Dose of Irradiation." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 Pressure Vessels and Piping/ICPVT-11 Conference. Volume 7: Operations, Applications, and Components. Vancouver, BC, Canada. July 23–27, 2006. pp. 85-89. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2006-ICPVT-11-93321
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