The surround and the spider of the loudspeaker suspension are modelled in ANSYS to carry out finite element analysis. The displacement dependent nonlinearities arising from the suspension are studied and the material and geometric effects leading to the nonlinearities are parameterised. The ANSYS models are simulated to be excited by a sinusoidal load and the results are evaluated by comparison with the results obtained by a physical model. The paper illustrates how practical models can be analysed using cost effective finite element models and also the extension of the models to experiment on various parameters, like changing the geometry for optimisation, by computer simulation.

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