A numerical study of evaluation of turbulence models for predicting the thermal stratification phenomenon is presented. The tested models are the elliptic blending model (EBM), the two-layer model, the shear stress transport model (SST) and the elliptic relaxation model (V2-f). These four turbulence models are applied to the prediction of a thermal stratification in an upper plenum of a liquid metal reactor experimented at the Japan Nuclear Cooperation (JNC). The algebraic flux model is used for treating the turbulent heat fluxes for all the models. The EBM and V2-f models predict properly the steep gradient of the temperature at the interface of the cold and hot regions which is observed in the experimental data, and the EBM and V2-f models have the capability of predicting the temporal oscillation of the temperature. The two-layer and SST models predict the diffusive temperature gradient at the interface of a thermal stratification and fail to predict a temporal oscillation of the temperature. In general the EBM predicts best the thermal stratification phenomenon in the upper plenum of the liquid metal reactor.

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