ASME BPVC Section VIII Division 1 Paragraph UG-22 (f) requires consideration of the loadings from seismic conditions. For a vessel containing a fluid, the loading due to sloshing must be considered. ASCE Standard 7-02 (Section states that a damping value of 0.5% can be used to account for the fluid sloshing. This can lead to an overly conservative design by over-estimating the loads on the tank structure. A time-history analysis was performed on a horizontally mounted pressure vessel experiencing 3-axis time history loads in order to determine if this method is more accurate in determining the loads. The analysis employed a 3-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model, using transient time-history techniques. The reactions at the mounting locations were compared to the reactions computed using closed form solutions, demonstrating good correlation. The results show that CFD is an excellent tool for investigating seismic sloshing loads in vessels.

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