Hysteretic restoring force characteristics — shear stiffness, equivalent damping ratio, and ultimate properties — of seismic isolation bearings are significantly affected by compressive stress. In this study, dependence of shear properties of high-damping rubber bearings (HDR) on the compressive stress σ and secondary shape factor S2 was studied by dynamic loading test with scaled-model and static loading test with full-scale isolators. The results highlighted the high compressive stress dependency on restoring force characteristics of HDR with the isolator of relatively small S2. It is concluded that large S2 is desired when isolators are designed for high compressive stress. The applicability of HDR under high compressive stress was experimentally verified.

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