There is an ever-increasing need to explore the use of hydrogen as a renewable energy source. Attendant to this expansion is the need to evaluate the currently used materials for the transport and storage of hydrogen to meet these needs. Historically, most pipelines were constructed using various carbon steels. Carbon steels are susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement, high ductile to brittle transition temperature, and hydrogen induced cracking. Other materials evaluated include austenitic stainless steel, aluminum, nickel alloys and fiber reinforced composite materials.

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