A methodology to predict the capacity of a nuclear submarine hull to act as a protective container and energy absorber under impact by an another underwater structure is needed. Principia Marine, company of Research in Shipbuilding (formerly IRCN, Institut de Recherche en Construction Navale), is responding to this need by developing an underwater impact crash prediction methodology based upon LS-DYNA3D software. Several physical phenomena with their own characteristic times follow one another at the time of the shock. So different but complementary tasks to develop this methodology were worked individually. This paper deals with contribution to this ongoing program that breaks up into two objectives. The first goal aims to highlight the effect of water on the structural deformation at the time of the collision between a nuclear submarine and a tanker ram bow, which is generally plane. The two-dimensional modelling of this collision uses an Eulerian formulation for the fluid and a Lagrangian formulation for the structure. The fluid-structure interaction is treated by an Euler/Lagrange penalty coupling. This method of coupling, which makes it possible to transmit the efforts in pressure of the Eulerian grid to the Lagrangian grid and conversely, is relatively a recent algorithmic development. It was successfully used in many scientific and industrial applications: the modelling of the attack of birds on the fuselage of a Jet for the Boeing Corporation, the underwater explosion shaking the oil platforms, and airbag simulation… The requirements of modelling for this algorithm are increasingly pointed. Thus, the second objective of this paper is to compare the results in pressures and velocities near the bulb for two cases, in the first one, the bulb is modelled by a slip boundary condition, in the second one, the bulb is a rigid Lagrangian structure, which involves the use of the Euler/Lagrange penalty coupling.

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