Conventional earthquake resistant designs depend on strengthen and ductility of the structural components to resist induced forces and to dissipate seismic energy. However, this can produce permanent damage to the joints as well as the larger interstory displacements. In recently years, many studies on structural control strategies and devices have been developed and applied in U. S. A., Europe, Japan, and New Zealand. The rubber bearing belongs to one kind of the earthquake-proof ideas of structural control technologies. The installation of rubber bearings can lengthen the natural period of a building and simultaneously reduce the earthquake-induced energy trying to impart to the building. They can reduce the magnitude of the earthquake-induced forces and consequently reduce damage to the structures and its contents, and reduce danger to its occupants. This paper is aimed at studying the mechanical behavior of the stirrup rubber bearings (SRB) and evaluating the feasibility of the buildings equipped with the stirrup rubber bearings. Furthermore, uniaxial, biaxial, and triaxial shaking table tests are conducted to study the seismic response of a full-scale three-story isolated steel structure. Experimental results indicate that the stirrup rubber bearings possess higher damping ratios at higher strains, and that the stirrup rubber bearings provide good protection for structures. It has been proved through the full-scale tests on shaking table that the stirrup rubber bearing is a very promising tool to enhance the seismic resistibility of structures.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.