The method for fatigue reliability analysis of mechanical components using the First-Order Reliability Method (FORM) reconciles accuracy and efficiency requirements for random process reliability problems under fatigue failure. However, the algorithm for solving FORM is still complex and time consuming. In this paper, the FORM that utilizes an efficient search algorithm is proposed for reliability assessment of the strain-based fatigue life. Using the proposed method, a family of reliability-defined ε-Nf curves, referred to as R-ε-Nf curves, is constructed. An empirical mean stress modified strain-life equation is also used as the performance function. The primary focus of this effort has been the implementation of the new algorithm of FORM to define reliability factors used in modifying the conventional ε-Nf curve to create a family of R-ε-Nf curves, based on the unique reliability factor rule. The proposed method employs the inverse FORM algorithm to achieve computational results, including reliability and the corresponding fatigue life. The method enables the application of fatigue life design for a given cyclic stress and/or strain history. A numerical example is presented to demonstrate the proposed method.

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