In order to increase the flexibility and performance of gas turbines, generally their manufacturers and research centers involved in their development are constantly seeking the expansion of their operational envelope as well as their efficiency, making the engine more dynamic, less polluting and able to respond promptly to variations in load demands. An important aspect that should be considered when analyzing these prime movers is the assessment of its behavior under transients due to load changes, which can be accomplished through the development of a detailed, accurate and effective computational model. Considering this scenario, the present work aims to develop a model for the simulation and analysis of the dynamic behavior of stationary gas turbines. The engine considered in this analysis has a nominal capacity of 30.7 MW (ISO conditions) and is composed by a two-spool gas generator and a free power turbine. The model was developed using T-MATS, an integrated Simulink/Matlab toolbox, develop by NASA. The gas turbine was evaluated under both permanent and transient regimes and each one of its component was analyzed individually. The assessment made it possible to determine the engine performance parameters such as efficiency, heat rate and specific fuel consumption and its operational limits (surge limits, stall, turbine inlet temperatures, etc.) under different load conditions and regimes. The results obtained were compared with available field data, and the relative deviations for the considered parameters were all lower than 1%.

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