The aerodynamic and mechanical performance of the last stage was numerically investigated using three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) solution and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) coupled with the one-way and two-way fluid-structure interaction models in this work. The part-span damping snubber and tip damping shroud of the rotor blade and aerodynamic pressure on rotor blade mechanical performance was considered in the one-way model. The two-way fluid-structure interaction model coupled with the mesh deformation technology was conducted to analyze the aerodynamic and mechanical performance of the last stage rotor blade. One-way fluid-structure interaction model numerical results show that the location of nodal maximum displacement moves from leading edge of 85% blade span to the trailing edge of 85% blade span. The position of nodal maximum Von Mises stress is still located at the first tooth upper surface near the leading edge at the blade root of pressure side. The two-way fluid-structure interaction model results show that the variation of static pressure distribution on long blade surface is mostly concentrated at upper region, absolute outflow angle of long blade between the 40% span and 95% span reduces, the location of nodal maximum displacement appears at the trailing edge of 85% blade span. Furthermore, the position of nodal maximum Von Mises stress remains the same and the value decreases compared to the oneway fluid-structure model results.

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