Numerical simulation was made for high-temperature solar and thermal receivers of pressurized air for solar micro gas turbine system. The solar / biomass hybrid gas turbine was considered to generate 30kW to 100kW power. The gas turbine system was provided with the concentrated solar light from the dish reflector at the solar receiver and the combustion heat from the biomass synthesis gas at the thermal receiver. Numerical model was developed to the solar receiver and the thermal receiver to reveal their thermal potential.
The solar receiver was a close loop concentric annuli to receive highly condensed solar light of 1,000kW/m2. The inner cylinder was made of high-temperature resistance ceramic irradiated by the condensed light on the inner side. The liner was inserted between the inner cylinder and the outer shell. The pressurized air passes the many holes of the liner to impinge the outer surface of the irradiation wall. These impinging jets caused high heat transfer coefficient on the irradiation wall and alleviates the thermal distribution in the receiver aisle. The liner and the outer shell were made by the high temperature resistance INCONEL alloy.
The thermal receiver was also a close loop annuli. This uses the same part as the solar receiver and the biomass gas combustor combined to it. The combustor comprises of the liner and the center tube, installed to the inside of the ceramic cylinder. The biomass gas was provided to the gap between liner and the center tube, and the oxidant air to the outer side of the liner. The biomass gas was spouted from the many holes of the liner and mixed with the oxidant air. The resulted hot combustion gas impinged directly to the inner side of the ceramic cylinder. The impingement of the hot combustion gas thinned the thermal boundary layer and enhanced the heat transfer on the ceramic wall. The thermal receiver was designed to attain the preferable heat transfer performance by the inner impinging jet of the hot combustion gas as well as the outer impinging jet of the pressurized air.
Three dimensional numerical model was developed to the solar receiver and the thermal receiver considered in the present study using ANSYS FLUENT. Parameter study showed that the exit air from the solar receiver was heated above 1200K or higher presently, and was continued to search better condition and better configuration of the system to obtain higher temperature. The numerical simulation revealed that the distance from the jet nozzle (linear holes) and the heat transfer surface is critical to the thermal distribution. The concept of the new solar and thermal receivers was confirmed on their usefulness; the multiple impinging jet effectively enhanced the heat transfer on the ceramic wall of the solar receiver and the thermal receiver to reduce the thermal inhomogeneity near the heat transfer surface with pressure loss of order 800Pa.