This paper is aimed to clarify the ash deposition/slagging behavior of blended coal with Xinjiang High-Alkali coal (HA coal) during the combustion process in boiler. One typical Xinjiang coal (HA coal) and another low-alkali coal (LA coal) have been mixed to study the ash melting behavior as a function of coal blending ratio, through the use of AFTs test, XRD, SEM-EDX characterization of ash samples and 3MW pilot-scale test. The results indicate that, the trend of AFTs is not linearly related to the blending ratio of coal mixtures. Instead, it is highly linked with the changes on the liquidus temperature from the ternary phase diagram systems. The initial melting temperature of HA coal ash is approximately 275°C lower than that of LA coal ash due to the existence of alkali and alkaline earth metals, although it has relative higher ash fusion temperature. The mixing of LA coal is not only beneficial to reduce the amount of vaporized sodium, but it also increases the initial melting temperature of blended ash due to the physical and chemical reactions between alkali and silica particles. The higher content of Na gas was formed during HA coal combustion process due to the promoted effect of the existence of Cl in HA coal. Some low melting minerals, such as Na2SO4, Na3Fe(SO4), NaS2O7, were found as the dominate minerals in its deposit ash on heat transfer tubes in the temperature range 650∼1000°C when combustion HA coal. When blended with other LA coal, the amount of deposit ash was decreased and the shape of it became looser due to some high melting minerals were found in its deposit ash, such as quartz and mullite etc. The optimum blending ratio of LA coal is 20% for its safe operation for HA coal.

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