Currently, SCR-DeNOx technology of flue gas has been widely applied in coal-fired power plants in China for its higher denitrification efficiency, lower ammonia escape and more stable operation performance. In order to overcome the shortages of the off-line method, an on-line method based activating was proposed. However, many key technologies also need to be researched that one of them is a cheap and efficient activating solution. First, activating solutions were prepared by means of single factor and experimental investigations of catalysts activation were conducted. Second, impacts of the catalysts, which were activated by the above mentioned solutions, NO removal and activity were tested and compared with that of the inactivated catalyst. The effect of active components (vanadium, tungsten, molybdenum, oxalic acid) and flue gas conditions on the activation of catalyst were investigated. Then, analysis of these catalysts by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the specific surface area (BET), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were conducted. Finally, an ideal activating solution was found out through the analysis of the efficiency of denitrification and the macro and micro changes from catalysts.
The following conclusions were obtained through the above mentioned activation experiments: 1) NO removal by activated catalysts is higher than that of inactivated catalyst; the De-NOx efficiency can be up to 99% in the following conditions: the reaction temperature (370 °C), the proportion of the active solution component (1.0%-V, 9%-W, 6%-Mo), the oxygen concentration (4%-O2) and the ratio of ammonia and nitrogen (NH3:N2 = 1:1); 2) the airspeed and the initial concentration of NO had little influence on catalyst activation; 3) the specific surface area and pore size of the activated catalyst were significantly increased that the active components of the catalyst surface were effectively added. Our investigation results to illustrate that the enhancement of active components, broadening of acid sites distribution, and including the surface labile oxygen and small pores opening to be the reason for high denitrification efficiency.