Prior to choosing a site for a wind farm, its wind resources must be known. On-site measurement of wind speed, using an anemometer or any other appropriate measuring device or the use of historical meteorological data for the site (if they exist) enhance the knowledge of the site’s wind resources. Typically, the use of 50-year historical data is recommended by Wind Energy Engineering Standards. For the offshore site in study, only the 24-year historical data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) data base is available. Wind speed determined from NOAA’s error bars is used to plot Rayleigh probability distribution curves for each month of the year, based on the operational limit of the 5MW NREL reference wind turbine. The site’s average wind speed and gust are determined based on average wind energy capture. A Gumbel probability distribution curve is plotted based on the operational range of the wind turbine in study, using NOAA’s error bars for the 24year historical hourly wind gust for the site. This study uses the estimated mean wind speed and mean gust, to implement BEMT simulations to investigate the aerodynamic forces caused by the wind or gust on the blades of the HAWT rotor. The wind power captured and the power coefficient are estimated for each scenario. Empirical formulae are developed for the estimation of the rotor blade airfoil’s chord length in terms of blade element radius and the axial induction factor for each scenario, in terms of blade element radius.

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