A prototype water-glycerol two tank storage system was designed to simulate the fluidic properties of a high temperature molten salt system while allowing for room temperature testing of a low cost, small scale pneumatically pumped thermal storage system for use in concentrated solar power (CSP) applications. Pressurized air is metered into a primary heat transfer fluid (HTF) storage tank; the airflow displaces the HTF through a 3D printed prototype thermoplate receiver and into a secondary storage tank to be dispatched in order to drive a heat engine during peak demand times. A microcontroller was programmed to use pulse-width modulation (PWM) to regulate air flow via an air solenoid. At a constant frequency of 10Hz, it was found that the lowest pressure drops and the slowest flowrates across the receiver occurred at low duty cycles of 15% and 20% and low inlet air pressures of 124 and 207 kPa. However, the data also suggested the possibility of slug flow. Replacement equipment and design modifications are suggested for further analysis and high temperature experiments. Nevertheless, testing demonstrated the feasibility of pneumatic pumping for small systems.

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