Currently membrane gas absorption (MGA) is a novel approach for gas separation. In the present work, a wide-ranging 2D mathematical model for CO2 absorption from the N2/CO2 mixture is proposed. Single solvents [H2O, ethylenediamine (EDA), diethanolamine (DEA), monoethanolamine (MEA), piperazine (PZ)] and blended solvents [DEA/PZ] were used as the absorbents. The non-wetting mode for the membrane contactor was considered in the calculations. The effects of gas concentration and velocity, and liquid concentration and velocity on CO2 removal were observed. The simulation results were verified with the experimental data showing a good agreement. The modeling results indicate that gas concentration and velocity have a negative effect on the capture process, while liquid concentration and velocity enhance CO2 capture. Also, it is noted that PZ has the best absorption performance than other single absorbents. The chemical solvents are much better than the physical solvent for the absorption of CO2. For mixed absorbents based on amine solutions, the CO2 removal efficiency could be about 20% higher than that of the single solutions. Thus, this model could provide the optimum operating conditions for acid gas absorption in the hollow fiber membrane module. It is also proved that the MGA approach exhibits a good potential in power-plant waste gas purification.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.