Waterside Deposits in evaporator tubes have been an issue in steam generators as long as boilers have been used. Substantial experience in deposit formation and management has been gained in conventional goal and oil/gas boilers over time. The role of boiling modes in the steam generator tubes is very critical to areas of deposit formation. Incipient boiling, nucleate boiling and convective boiling modes all have different deposition behavior. When Gas Turbine Combined Cycle (GTCC) power plants of larger size (> 100 MW) began operation in the 1990’s, deposits in evaporator tubes were not considered a significant issue. Operating boiler pressures were low (500–900 psig) as were flue gas temperatures, use of supplemental firing was limited. Other than known problems with feedwater contamination such as operation with leaking seawater-cooled condensers, deposits were not found to be forming. The rapid increase in size and operating pressures in HRSG’s raised the likelihood of waterside deposits developing. Both Vertical and Horizontal Gas Path HRSG designs are considered. Drawing on field observations, the morphology and location of HRSG deposits are reviewed, as are changes in deposit formation with the mode and rate of boiling.

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