Electricity generating technologies require substantial amounts of water for cooling in steam cycle processes and for other operational processes [1,2]. This study expands on recent research [3,4] that uses estimates of operational water consumption and withdrawal factors for electricity generating technologies, collected from published primary literature [1,5], and power plant statistics provided by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), to calculate and understand the water use by thermoelectric power plants in the United States.
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Sensitivities of Recent Electricity Generation Water Use Findings to Data Updates and Variability
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Meldrum, JR, Averyt, KB, Macknick, JE, Newmark, RL, Rogers, J, Madden, N, & Fisher, JI. "Sensitivities of Recent Electricity Generation Water Use Findings to Data Updates and Variability." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Power Conference. Volume 2: Reliability, Availability and Maintainability (RAM); Plant Systems, Structures, Components and Materials Issues; Simple and Combined Cycles; Advanced Energy Systems and Renewables (Wind, Solar and Geothermal); Energy Water Nexus; Thermal Hydraulics and CFD; Nuclear Plant Design, Licensing and Construction; Performance Testing and Performance Test Codes. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. July 29–August 1, 2013. V002T10A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/POWER2013-98227
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