Methods for assessing the soundness of concrete exposed to irradiation are being developed within the framework of a project of the Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA) “Japan Ageing Management Program for System Safety”. This paper presents the background of this project and recent research works. The major reason for deterioration of concrete under irradiation conditions is expansion of aggregate due to neutron and gamma-ray irradiation. Dislocation of atoms in covalent structures of aggregate minerals, and resultant lattice constant change and alteration to amorphous phase are produced by fast neutrons. In addition, through electronic exertion, some energy deposition is accumulated as permanent distortion/strain in atomic structures. Other effects are also summarized. We plan to conduct a neutron irradiation test from May 2013. In selecting mix proportions and concrete components for the irradiation test program, sample size as a function of capsule size and gamma-heating, cement type, and aggregate size and type are determined based on preliminary experiments.
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Evaluation of Irradiation Effects on Concrete Structure: Background and Preparation of Neutron Irradiation Test
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Maruyama, I, Kontani, O, Sawada, S, Sato, O, Igarashi, G, & Takizawa, M. "Evaluation of Irradiation Effects on Concrete Structure: Background and Preparation of Neutron Irradiation Test." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Power Conference. Volume 2: Reliability, Availability and Maintainability (RAM); Plant Systems, Structures, Components and Materials Issues; Simple and Combined Cycles; Advanced Energy Systems and Renewables (Wind, Solar and Geothermal); Energy Water Nexus; Thermal Hydraulics and CFD; Nuclear Plant Design, Licensing and Construction; Performance Testing and Performance Test Codes. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. July 29–August 1, 2013. V002T07A003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/POWER2013-98114
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